Healthcare in most developed countries face a complex and partly contradictory mix of financial, social and political challenges. Fiscal strains combined with New Public Management agendas have caused severe cutbacks and calls for greater efficiency in public healthcare, resulting in a growing concern about service quality. Co-production and Japanese Healthcare explores a possibility to address these issues from a new perspective that emphasizes greater collaboration between the staff and patients. Here professionals and patients/clients act as ‘partners to co-produce healthcare through their mutual contributions’.
Japan has a unique system of two user-owned healthcare providers with nearly 200 hospitals, 500 clinics and 50,000 beds. However, they differ from each other and from public hospitals, in terms of their work environment, service quality, governance models and social values. This volume compares cooperative and public healthcare providers at ten hospitals across Japan with survey data from the staff, as well as from the patients and volunteers at four hospitals.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Co-production and Japanese Healthcare. Part 1 Background. 2. Third Sector and Cooperative Services – An alternative to privatization. 3. Democratizing Medical and Healthcare – The Japanese example. 4. Co-production in Public Service Delivery and Healthcare. Part 2 Co-production and Japanese Healthcare. 5. Research on Japanese Healthcare – Background, data and methods. 6. Work Environment and Service Quality in Japanese Healthcare. 7. Two Patterns of Patient Participation in Japanese Healthcare – Aspirational and transformative co-production. 8. Volunteering and Co-production in Japanese Healthcare. 9. Participatory Governance and Japanese Healthcare. 10. The Social Values and Mission of Cooperative and Public Healthcare Providers in Japan – Comparing the perspective of the staff, patients and volunteers. 11. Co-production at the Crossroads and Organizational Logics in Japanese Healthcare. Part 3. Summary and Conclusions. 12. Lessons Learned and Implications for Research on Co-production and Healthcare.
Victor A. Pestoff is Professor Emeritus in Political Science at Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College in Stockholm, Sweden and former Guest Professor at the Faculty of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Japan.